This article focuses on a comparison of pure CBD oil verse copaiba for anxiety, pain, and more.
Anxiety is a debilitating condition that is on the rise. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, an estimated 40 million people, or over 18 percent of the population in the United States suffer from anxiety, yet most go untreated (1).
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Anxiety and Autoimmune diseases
Autoimmune conditions have very high rates of anxiety, including autoimmune thyroid conditions (4, 5). Can natural anxiety and pain remedies help both situations? Two very common plants people turn to today are copaiba and CBD. We will also focus on we can interpret the current research to help our patients with autoimmune illness and anxiety today.
There are several kinds of anxiety, including Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder (PD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) (6).
All forms of anxiety can cause personal, family, and social impairments (1).
Conventional medication for GAD can include benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants. However, all of these drug treatments can have challenging side effects, including addiction, abuse, amnesia, slow response, sexual dysfunction, sedation, and/or dizziness (7).
The Thyroid-Anxiety Connection
People with autoimmune thyroiditis disorders are over twice as likely to also suffer from anxiety than the general population (8).
Anxiety in other autoimmune conditions is very common and can be debilitating, such as in autoimmune hepatitis (9). Both depression and severe anxiety are quite common in this case.
Stress is a known trigger for many diseases, and thyroid tissue damage due to stress is no exception (10).
Read more about how essential oils for thyroid here.
Copaiba vs CBD for Anxiety
We will review when to use copaiba or CBD oil and how both may be able to support a healthy mood, reduce pain, and more. We will also review:
- Finding highest quality CBD oil
- Finding highest quality copaiba oil
- How and when to take CBD oil versus copaiba essential oil
Copaiba for Anxiety
Copaiba benefits the body and mind by reducing inflammation. In a recent research study, copaiba oil reduced anxiety-like behaviors in a maze study of rats (13). The effect of copaiba oil was dose-dependent; the higher the dose, the bigger the reduction in anxiety behaviors was seen.
Copaiba’s main compound, B-carophyllene, at a dose of 50 mg/kg, was able to reduce anxiety, compulsive, and depression-like symptoms in a maze and forced swim test in mice (14).
While clinical studies are still needed for the specific purpose of anxiety, its benefits for the neurons and protection from inflammation support that it may help this condition (15)
CBD Oil for Anxiety
In addition to the CBD’s effects on serotonin, CBD may rapidly reduce depression symptoms by increasing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling as shown in preclinical work (16).
A small clinical study found that CBD single dose at 400 mg was better than placebo at reducing signs of social anxiety due to its positive effects on the limbic and paralimbic parts of the brain (17).
CBD was also able to reduce the effects of fear memory over a 48 hour period in a small clinical study. The dose used in this study was 32 mg (18).
It should be noted that cannabis WITH THC can increase anxiety symptoms, however (19). Make sure your patients’ CBD comes from hemp seed and not marijuana plants.
What are Endocannabinoids?
An appealing and emerging area for anxiety treatment involves the use of endocannabinoid plants. These include many herbs, like lavender and hops, spices, kava root, copaiba resin, canabidiol (CBD), marijuana, chocolate, and black pepper (20, 21).
Endocannabinoids are chemical messengers. The endocannabinoid system is a complex lipid signaling system where different proteins control or modulate numerous processes that tell our body to start different processes and when to stop. For this reason, they play key roles in homeostasis in the body (22).
We have receptors for endocannabinoids throughout the body called cannabinoid receptors. Some cannabinoid receptors are highly concentrated in regions like the central nervous system; these are called CB1 receptors.
CB2 receptors are common in the endocrine system, immune cells, gastrointestinal cells, brain, and in the peripheral nervous system. Some conventional drugs work through these receptors to relieve pain, including acetaminophen (23).
What is Beta-caryophyllene?
Beta-caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene, and is the most well-known endocannabinoid compound from plants. Beta-caryophyllene specifically binds CB2 receptors and thereby reduces inflammation, pain, and even may help protect organs such as kidney and liver in autoimmune diseases. β-Caryophyllene is a CB2 receptor agonist (24).
Many people find that plants containing beta-caryophyllene help reduce anxiety and depression. Preclinical work shows that beta-caryophyllene extract exerts anxiety-reducing effects (14).
What is the evidence for this?
The most commonly used plants for its beta-caryophyllene content are cannabinoid oil from marijuana and copaiba essential oil. The plant with the highest known beta-caryophyllene content is copaiba essential oil (25).
- Beta-caryophyllene in Cannabis: ~35%
- Beta-caryophyllene in Copaiba ~55%
Copaiba is a complex plant extract. In contrast, CBD is cannabidiol, the active single extract from Cannabis sativa or hemp. It does not contain B-caryophyllene (26). When considering copaiba versus CBD oil for anxiety, here are the facts that you need to consider.
Facts to Consider: Copaiba verse CBD Oil
Both copaiba and cannabis-derived cannabinoids activate CB2 receptors and both do not produce psychoactive effects because they do not impact the CB1 receptor.
Beta-caryophyllene also has the following potential benefits (27):
- Reduced atherosclerosis
- Reduces osteoporosis
- Reduces colitis
- Reduces diabetes
- Reduces stroke
- Improves memory
- Suppresses tumor growth
- Modulates stress-related genes
What is Copaiba?
Copaiba pronunciation is kow·pai·ee·buh.
Copaiba is an oleoresin that comes from the Copaifera genus. It is a tree that grows in northern South America and is closely related to the black pepper tree. The resin, also known as balsam, is extracted from trees for their medicinal uses (26).
There are a variety of copaiba species including Copaifera martii, Copaifera officinalis, and Copaifera reticulata, and Copaifera langsdorffii (26).
Copaiba essential oil is a distilled resin from the copaiba tree. Other names for copaiba include copaiba balsam, copaiba olie, oleo de copaiba, or balsam essential oil (28).
Copaiba balsam is the same as copaiba. Both copaiba balsam essential oil, balsam oil, and copaiba oil are used medicinally (29). Copaiba balsam oil is not to be confused with balsam of Peru or balsam fir; these are different species with different properties.
The common method of extraction and preferred method is steam distillation (30).
The scent of copaiba oil is subtly sweet, peppery, and woody. Copaiba is found as an ingredient in foods, soaps, perfumes, and cosmetics. Copaiba is used to make natural pharmaceutical medications as well (31). It has a base perfumery note.
Copaiba Traditional Uses
Traditional copaiba use began when humans first observed animals using copaiba to treat wounds (32). European settlers observed native peoples using the copaiba resin on their babies. They would also use the copaiba on warriors’ wounds (33). Today copaiba’s uses include treatment for pain (34). Copaiba for teething is a popular treatment as well.
People use copaiba for pets, and copaiba for dogs is safe for helping to alleviate aches and pains in your canine friends (35). According to the essential oil vet, Joan Roark, DVM, copaiba for cats, horses, alpacas, goats, and more, can even be used if diluted properly (36).
Copaiba Balsam Essential Oil Uses
What is copaiba essential oil used for?
Copaiba balsam contains over 90% sesquiterpenes, including beta-caryophyllene. The oil is a powerful anti-inflammatory and may also exhibit antibacterial and antimicrobial properties in early research (39).
Copaiba is commonly used to help manage arthritis, gastric ulcers, skin conditions, inflammation, gastrointestinal disorders, pain, cystitis, urinary incontinence, urinary disorders, sexually transmitted diseases, parasites, strep throat, and more (34, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
Copaiba for teething, when used with a carrier oil, is effective according to many testimonials as well (47).
Many of copaiba uses and recommendations are anecdotal, but there are some new research studies backing its purported uses.
Selected Active Compounds in Copaiba (15)
- β-elemene 3.2
- β-caryophyllene 37.3
- trans-α-bergamotene 9.0
- α-humulene + (E)-β-farnesene 5.4
- β-chamigrene 1.0
- β-selinene 4.8
- α-selinene 3.0
- (Z)-α-bisabolene 1.8
- α-bulnesene 2.2
- β-bisabolene 14.5
- β-sesquiphelandrene 1.2
- (E)-γ-bisabolene 1.4
The biological properties of copaiba are related to its diterpenes and sesquiterpenes (33). Some of the sesquiterpenes in copaiba include β-caryophyllene, α-copaene, zingiberene, β-bisabolene, and bergamotene. Some of the diterpenes in copaiba are kaurenoic, hardwickiic, kovalenic, polyalthic, and copalic acids (48).
More Copaiba Essential Oil Uses
The research studies backing the use of copaiba for health conditions are emerging, and include possible treatment for infections, anxiety, nerve issues, pain, and more.
Copaiba May Protect Neurons
A single oral dose of copaiba (Copaifera reticulata) reduced nerve damage and protected neurons by reducing neutrophil recruitment and microglia and macrophage activation in rats (15). Damage to the motor cortex was decreased by almost 40 percent.
Why is this important? Overactivated macrophage and microglia cause tissue injury following central nervous system in humans (49).
Another study showed that copaiba benefits include anti-inflammatory effects in the central nervous system in rats (50). Because of this, copaiba could help with numerous brain disorders, including autism, memory loss, neurodegenerative conditions, multiple sclerosis, and more.
Copaiba for Pain
Chronic pain in autoimmune disease can cause a lot of anxiety. One way that copaiba can help the body deal with anxiety is by dampening down the pain severity in the body. With copaiba’s anti-inflammatory and antioxidant mechanisms, it can be a useful tool for dealing with pain and anxiety (51).
How does copaiba for pain work? Copaiba reduces inflammation due to autoimmune disease in a rat model of autoimmune encephalitis. How? By reducing NF-κB translocation, and consequently the secretion of some cytokines, such as IL-6 and TNF-α (11).
A blend of copaiba oil with Deep Blue rub was effective at reducing arthritic pain in a clinical study; there was a 50% decrease in total pain scores, increased finger strength, and increased angle of maximum flexion compared to placebo (34).
Beta-carophyllene in copaiba is a full agonist, not partial, of CB2, which is a striking finding.
Oral administration of this dietary compound creates a potent anti-inflammatory effect in mice, but not in CB2 knockout mice. Beta-caryophyllene also inhibits the pathways triggered by activation of the toll-like receptor complex. This complex results in an expression of proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNFalpha. It also promotes the TH1 inflammatory immune response (52).
Copaiba for Infection Treatments
Copaiba has antimicrobial effects on bacteria by disrupting the cell wall of these microorganisms. Copaiba selectively is antimicrobial against gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, and Enterococcus faecalis in cell studies (26, 39).
Copaiba oil also has antiparasitic effects as well as antifungal effects according to cell studies against the following: Leishmania amazonensis parasite (55).
The number of cases of leishmaniasis is on the rise on all continents. It is considered is endemic in 88 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America, according to the World Health Organization (56).
Mouse study also finds copaiba effective against parasites: copaiba resin oil showed antiparasitic activity against the leishmaniasis called L. amazonensis (57).
Copaiba Oil May Reduce Cancer
Both cell studies and animal studies suggest that copaiba may help reduce cancer growth and spread. For example, a mouse study showed that copaiba reduced lung tumor growth by 58% and tumor weight by 76%. Lung nodules were reduced in number by 47% as well (58).
Cells studies show that copaiba may reduce many kinds of cancer growth, including (26):
- Cervical adenocarcinoma
While more research is needed, copaiba has a wide variety of potential benefits against many health problems we face today.
Copaiba May Help Heal Wounds
Copaiba essential oil diluted to 4% and applied topically to open wounds sped up the healing process by 84% compared to 51% at day 9 in a rat study (59). The tensile strength also improved more quickly in the wound area with the use of copaiba oil compared to controls.
More work is needed to determine if copaiba oil helps with wound healing. Copaiba’s antimicrobial effects and effects on the speed of healing in early research shows great promise in this area.
How to Use Copaiba Essential Oil
You can use copaiba topically, diffused, and internally if you get Certified Pure Therapeutic Grade (CPTG) essential oils. Doterra copaiba is one such oil.
Some websites warn against essential oils for internal use, but this is because many brands contain impurities and solvents. CPTG copaiba oil is proven safe for internal use when used according to manufacturer directions.
Doterra copaiba is also available in gelcaps for oral use here.
Copaiba is generally safe to use directly on the skin, but for sensitivities, dilution with a carrier oil is recommended. This can include fractionated coconut oil, almond oil, jojoba oil, olive oil, and avocado oil.
See below for copaiba brand recommendations and some recipes you can try for various health purposes.
What is CBD Oil?
Pure cannabidiol (CBD) oil comes from the cannabis sativa plant (hemp) and it is extracted from the resin of cannabis buds and flowers that are diluted with another oil, like medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil. CBD is the active compound for CB2 receptors derived from marijuana (60).
The difference between CBD and marijuana is that pure CBD does not contain THC, the psychoactive compound that makes you have a “high” (61, 62). Like copaiba, CBD works by the endocannabinoid system which is to maintain homeostasis that helps the body adapt to stressors (20, 21).
The History of CBD oil
The first documented use of cannabis plant for medicine dates back to 2737 BC when Chinese Emperor Sheng Nung used a cannabis-infused tea to aid with a variety of ailments including memory, malaria, rheumatism, and gout (63). Throughout history, cannabis served as a valuable therapeutic resource, but it was not recognized by the medical community due to a lack of scientific evidence.
In 1839, an Irish physician and medical researcher named William O’Shaughnessy investigated the therapeutic effects of cannabis. O’Shaughnessy research opened doors to the discovery of the compounds in cannabis referred to as cannabinoids (64).
Early research of cannabinoid plant structure wasn’t discovered until 1963 when Dr, Raphael Mechaoulam revealed the direct relationship of the euphoric effects of THC and the mind-altering compound of CBD (65).
A Note About CBD Research
Cannabis as marijuana is still considered a Schedule 1 drug, or illegal, in most states. For this reason, research has been frustratingly slow to emerge for pure CBD oil. The last few years have given us a lot of insight, but we still have a ways to go.
Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil
As healthcare providers, it is important to know the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil. There are a lot of mixed messages, both in research and on posts.
One of the best descriptions of the differences can be found on a website called Namaste.com.
Hemp oil is used in cosmetics and as a food that provides rich omega-3 fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids, and gamma-linolenic acid (66).
Hemp oil should be CBD and THC free.
Hemp oil is extracted from hemp seed. In contrast, CBD is primarily extracted from the hemp plant stems. The hemp plant can be specifically cultivated to be high in CBD and only contains trace amounts of THC. This makes the ratio of CBD to THC much higher (67).
CBD Health Benefits
CBD works directly on the brain receptors 5HTIA (serotonin) and GABA to lower anxiety and depression (68). CBD lowers inflammation by suppressing cytokine production and inducing T-regulatory cells to protect the body (12).
CBD can decrease chronic pain because it inhibits the transmission of neuronal signaling through pain pathways.
CBD digestion benefits include the following: it helps heal the leaky gut that can contribute to intestinal permeability and decrease spasmodic activity that is common with irritable bowel syndrome (69).
Using CBD for Seizures
In a study by Mechaoulam, 300mg of CBD was administered over 8 subjects for 4 months (70). During that time frame, half of the subjects had a decrease in seizures. This was a huge breakthrough and changed the lives of more than 50 million epilepsy sufferers in the world.
Seizure activity was reduced with the use of CBD oil in both rat and mouse models of temporal lobe seizures (71). CBD improved memory and motor function and reduced working memory errors due to seizure activity in this study as well.
Cbd Oil for Autoimmune Conditions
Preclinical work suggests that CBD oil may help reduce autoimmune disease by increasing myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). These types of cells are involved in the regulation of T cells (72).
Other preclinical work shows that CBD may suppress immune cells, which can be an important effect on autoimmune disorders. This means that CBD oil likely has important immune system effects that will be explored with further research.
Cbd Oil and Autism Symptoms
Pure CBD oil was helpful for symptoms of autism in a small open-label trial of CBD oil of children. Hyperactivity symptoms improved in 68% of children, sleep problems improved in 71%, anxiety improved in 47%, and worsened in 24% of the group. Adverse effects were generally mild.
An observational study of children with autism in a real-world study found that parent-reported anxiety symptoms were reduced in 88% of children using CBD oil (73). Symptoms such as restlessness improved in almost 90% of the children, indicated CBD oil for ADHD may also prove beneficial.
While no randomized, double-blinded trials have been conducted, anxiety symptoms in most children with autism appear to improve with CBD oil with the research we have so far.
CBD Oil for Pain
Cannabis has proven effective in numerous kinds of pain settings as well, including peripheral neuropathic pain, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer pain (74). However, when looking at isolated CBD data, the research gets a little more sparse because the largest pain-relieving substance in cannabis is THC.
A lot of people are seeing variable results for pain relief with CBD oil, and this is likely due to the form, concentration, type of pain being treated, and duration of use.
CBD Oil for Migraines
Many CBD testimonials support the use of pure CBD oil for migraines. However, no clinical research has looked specifically at CBD use for this condition.
According to Medical News Today, it is a viable option for patients to try if they haven’t had relief from other therapies.
CBD May Reduce Cancer
CBD helps reduce the breakdown of a beneficial compound called anandamide (77).
Why is this important? This antagonist action and effect on anandamide may cause cancer cell death or apoptosis. The cancer types that have been studied in cell study so far include neuroblastoma, glioblastoma, melanoma, leukemia, colorectal, breast, lung, and prostate cancer (80).
Forms of CBD
Tinctures: Tinctures are a popular way to use CBD because you can gauge your dosage with a dropper and place into the mouth. Manufacturers will sometimes use natural flavors or fatty oils in their mixtures for added taste.
Concentrates: Concentrates are like tinctures, however, concentrates use a much stronger dose of CBD. The high potency is not recommended for people taking CBD for the first time. Recommendations are to start at a low dosage and work up.
Capsules: Capsules or pill form can be easily taken with water, and can be very convenient, however, the doses typically contain 10-25 milligrams of CBD. Make sure to know what dosage you need and can handle before taking by starting at a low dose of CBD.
Topical Solutions: Topic options include lotions, salves, and lip balms. They are primarily used to benefit the skin, joint, and muscle pain and work into the dermal layers of your skin. CBD patches are also available to be delivered directly into the bloodstream.
Edibles: The most popular purre CBD form of edibles include chocolates, coffees, baked goods, gum, candies and even powders that can be mixed into tea, water or juice. Consuming your CBD can be satisfying but can also be more difficult to measure how much you are ingesting and results can be inconsistent.
Vape Oil: Vape Oil requires the use of an e-cigarette or vape pen. The CBD recommended is usually a higher concentration that is not recommended for beginners. Vape pens may contain a solvent called propylene glycol, this chemical can degrade into formaldehyde and cause dangerous reactions when used at high temperatures,
Does CBD vape oil get you high? No. It doesn’t contain the psychoactive THC.
Is CBD Oil Legal?
In 1996, Proposition 215 was passed making California the first state to legalize medical marijuana. In 23 years here are some landmark events that occurred.
- The massive growth of awareness and surge in retail sales of CBD, leading analyst predict the CBD market could reach a value of 22 billion by 2022.
- Hemp-derived CBD was federally legalized under the 2018 Farm Bill
- FDA approved of a CBD- based oral solution called Epidiolex
- Retail stores like Sephora, 711, and Neiman Marcus are now selling CBD online
As of 2019, CBD oil is legal to some degree in all states. However, in Idaho and Arkansas, stricter rules about source are in place. People are still able to get hemp oil, but CBD is illegal if it is derived from the marijuana plant. For more information, visit CBD Central.com for legal status in your state.
How to Buy CBD
- The best pure CBD oil will come from 100% American grown Hemp that is inspected by 3rd party testing for potency and purity (81).
- Make sure products use environmentally friendly and efficient methods of extraction.
- Look for enhanced absorptions selected products with a colloidal delivery system that increases bioavailability.
- Choose products that offer 100 phytocannabinoids, naturally found in hemp, using terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids without the use of THC.
CBD vs Copaiba: Which is Best?
Both copaiba and pure CBD oil have some very promising health benefits. Both may help with anxiety, pain, and more. It makes sense to try both and compare for your own body or to use both since both are safe.
CBD and copaiba both seem helpful for the nervous system and anxiety. More research has been done for CBD oil seizure benefits.
Should You Use Both Copaiba and CBD?
Remember, both plant extracts are unique and complex, so considering both may be your best option.
Using copaiba and CBD oil together may have synergistic effects.
Where Can You Get These Oils?
What to Look for when Purchasing Pure CBD Oil
In the past few months, consumers have seen an influx of cannabidiol products being sold in drug stores, convenience stores and grocery stores. We are bombarded with CBD infused beers, gummies, chocolates, marshmallows, lotions, oil and even suppositories!
Tips to Help You Find a Superior Pure CBD Oil Product
Know what form of extractions the company you are purchasing are using.
There are two types: CO2 extraction and Ethanol extraction, the CO2 extraction is an expensive, timely process that removes the CBD with a high-pressure carbon dioxide gas, not chemicals solvents. This process preserves a pure product: CBD and terpenes in a full spectrum product.
Terpenes are the fragrant essential oils found in plants. The ethanol extraction is a cheap and quick process to extract CBD from the plant. This process uses sweeteners and flavors to extract the bitter flavors, this process can destroy the plant waxes during the extraction which less hemp is produced in the product.
Know Where Your Company Grows their Hemp
Currently, the USDA doesn’t certify organic hemp or cannabis yet. Doing research on farming practices to see if the company uses the highest standard of sustainability and organic seeds.
Look for a traditional practice of protecting the soil, air and water.
Ask for Test Results of the Product
The company should be able to provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA) that lists all the components in the product.
Each state has different rules but to be protected, cannabis plants should be tested frequently while they are growing, and finished products should be tested.
Most hemp from the United States comes from Colorado or Oregon. We discourage buying CBD grown overseas because they are not subject to state or federal testing.
Research Your Company to see if they use 3rd Party Testing
This independent third-party testing is a neutral, unbiased source that examines the content and the quality of the company’s cannabis products. What you are looking for is the cannabinoid profile, potency, heavy metal analysis, pesticide analysis and terpene profile.
This is very important to today’s market as cannabis products are not regulated by the FDA. Third party testing is helpful to avoid scams, false advertising and lies about CBD that makes it hard for consumers to make educated purchases and receive quality reliable products.
Why We Recommend VIVA Oils
As registered dietitians and nutritionists are client’s health is very important, so we want to establish a relationship with a quality product. VIVA oils is a family run business from Colorado that provides a natural product free from chemicals and preservatives.
Viva Oils because use organically grown sustainability farming practices. They does not put any sugars, flavors or preservatives in their CBD oil. VIVA oils contain only two ingredients of CBD extract and MCT organic coconut oil.
Viva Oil doesn’t sell gimmicky products, they just sell the full spectrum CBD using the CO2 extraction method, which is the safest and most superior extraction method. We recommend Viva Oil because they offer a 100 mg and 250mg for daily supplements that can be used sublingual (under the tongue) along with specific concentrations in 500mg, 2500mg based on personal need, that can be used topically. To ensure accurate dosing the droppers come in serving sizes of 3/4, half, and full sizes.
We recommend Viva Oil because of their extensive 3rd party testing. This test gives us the maximum amount of cannabinoid and terpenes, so you are getting a quality hemp product without any extra additives.
Viva Oils also offers personalized customer support and offers a 30-day money-back guarantee
One thing to note about VIVA oils is if your client has a sensitivity to coconut oil they can get the version with hemp oil instead. Learn more and get your VIVA oils here.
Purchasing Copaiba Oil
Copaiba oil should be from Certified Pure Therapeutic Grade source if at all possible to get the full spectrum of benefits. It should also free of chemicals and impurities, making it THE most concentrated on the market.
The brand that meets this criterion is Doterra Copaiba Essential Oil.
doTERRA copaiba is the purest oil on the market today with over 16 independent tests of purity. GC/MS data is available for each batch online as well.
doTERRA brand also has 55% beta-caryophyllene, which is the highest concentration on the market.
Other oils that contain beta-caryophyllene include black pepper oil (21%), Melissa (13%), and ylang-ylang (13%). Many other oils exert anti-anxiety effects through other mechanisms, including lavender, and you can read a review here.
CBD Oil Recipes
The following recipes are examples of how you can add CBD oil to everyday meals. They are from the website Cannabinoid Creations.
- 2 Cups of fresh basil leaves
- 3 garlic cloves
- ½ cup of pine nuts or walnuts
- ¾ cup of grated cheese
- ½ cup of CBD oil
Put basil, garlic, pine nuts, into a food processor and pulse for 2 mins or until you get a coarse paste. Transfer to a bowl to add oil and cheese, then stir. Toss Pesto sauce into a bowl of cooked pasta.
Chocolate Chip Cookies
- 3 cups gluten-free flour
- 1 teaspoon of baking soda
- 1 cup of monk fruit sweetener
- 1 cup of unrefined coconut sugar
- ½ teaspoon of salt
- 1 cup of butter
- 2 cups of dark chocolate chips
- 2 eggs
- 2 teaspoons of hot water
- 2 teaspoons of vanilla extract
- 0.5 oz of unflavored pure CBD oil
Preheat your oven to 350 degrees. Mix oil with softened butter, brown sugar, and white sugar. Mix until smooth, add eggs one at a time. Stir in the vanilla extract. In a separate bowl.
Dissolve the baking soda into the hot water and then add it to the batter alongside the salt. Then, slowly stir in the chocolate chips, nuts (if you want to) and then the flour
Drop large spoonfuls onto an ungreased pan. Bake for 10 minutes or until the edges start to turn golden brown
Copaiba Essential Oil Recipes
The following recipes are used to help dampen pain, anxiety, inflammation, and reduce harmful microbes.
Anxiety Buster Blend
- 10 drops lavender oil
- 10 drops copaiba oil
- 10 drops Roman chamomile oil
- 10 ml fractionated coconut oil
- 1 essential oil roller bottle, 10 ml in size
Add all essential oils to the roller bottle. Fill the remaining portion of the bottle with fractionated coconut oil. Place roller cap on the top snugly and apply when feeling anxious.
For Thyroid Health and Anxiety
Combine all ingredients and drink to promote calmness in the body and mind. Essential oils for anxiety have been proven effective in a number of clinical studies (82).
- 10 drops marjoram essential oil
- 10 drops copaiba oil
- 10 drops frankincense essential oil
- 10 ml fractionated coconut oil
- 1 essential oil roller bottle, 10 ml in size (Metal rollers work best)
Add all essential oils to the roller bottle. Fill the remaining portion of the bottle with fractionated coconut oil. Place roller cap on the tup snugly and apply where you feel tension or pain in the body.
*Note: Essential oils for pain are effective because they have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects (83).
Copaiba Diffuser Blend
- 3 drops copaiba essential oil
- 3 drops ylang-ylang essential oil
Add to diffuser according to your diffuser directions. A favorite diffuser is the Petal Diffuser.
Copaiba can soothe the gums for babies and young children.
Do not use undiluted essential oils with infants and young children.
Copaiba oil at 0.5% can be gently applied along the jawline of a teething infant over 3 months old for soothing.
This would be 1 drop copaiba oil per 10 ml of coconut oil. For more information about the dilution of essential oils for infants and children, click here.
Risks, Sided Effects & Contraindications
Copaiba Essential Oil Side Effects
Copaiba oil is generally safe for use as above for topical, diffused, and internal use. As with most plants that have medicinal effects, too much can cause some temporary side effects, such as nausea, abdominal discomfort.
If not diluted properly, it can cause skin irritation. There is a chance that you could also be allergic or sensitive to the oil. It is best to try on a small area of skin first.
Risks of Copaiba
Further, research also shows that copaiba can actually protect the liver from damage due to acetaminophen in a rat study (86).
CBD Side Effects
It’s important to consult your healthcare professional before considering using any CBD products. However, CBD has few adverse side effects when used in the appropriate amounts.
Some common complaints are mild drowsiness, dizziness, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, anxiety and mood changes. It is recommended to start at a low dosage and work your way up depending on your health issues.
CBD Oil for Kids
Caution should be used when thinking about using pure CBD oil for kids. Why? We currently don’t have enough research and because some THC can be in the mixtures, long-term effects are not known, according to Child Mind Organization. However, it could be helpful, especially in the setting of CBD oil for seizures.
CBD Oil and Copaiba Medication Interactions
More studies are needed to determine the interactions between CBD oil and medications. Cannabidiol may interact with warfarin, omeprazole, and risperidone medications, but it is too soon to know to what extent the interactions may be (87)
According to Rx List, copaiba may interfere with lithium by decreasing how well the body eliminates lithium .
When to Use Copaiba verse CBD
It is impossible to remove trace amounts of THC from pure CBD oil. If your job requires drug testing, you run the risk of testing positive for drugs.
Copaiba contains a higher percentage of beta-caryophyllene; 55 percent versus around 35% in cannabis.
Copaiba oil is also a fair amount more affordable and requires a very small dose; 1-2 drops several times a day can be plenty. At 14 cents a drop, it is a very reasonable option.
In contrast, a single dose of CBD can be over $1.
When to Use CBD over Copaiba
More research supports the use of pure CBD oil over copaiba for seizures. As the legal status has been lifted for CBD, research will likely provide us with a lot more insight into the vast uses of CBD oil.
The price of CBD oil is likely to go down as the competition continues to expand as well.
Both CBD oil and copaiba oil can help pain, anxiety, inflammation, and more. When choosing either of the oils, make sure to look for pure and high-quality products that are free of chemical additives and are tested to be pure.
As with any change in your patients’ or your own routines, check with your doctor before adding copaiba or CBD to your routine.